Uxmal is an archeological site located in Yucatan, 80 km south of the city Merida.
The site is part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The name means “built three times” in the Mayan language.
As a UNESCO site it’s one of the best restored examples of Mayan architecture, but not much was done in the way of meticulous archeological excavation, so there’s probably a lot information still missing regarding the date of the city occupation and the estimated population.
What we know is that Uxmal the greatest religious center in the area and had it’s peak during the classical period between the 7th and 10th century A.D. All of it’s buildings were erected and restructured over these periods, hence reflecting different architectural styles.
Mayan chronicles establish the year of foundation around 500 A.D.
The city was probably the capital of a regional state between 850 and 950 A.D.
Evidence also shows a commercial and political collaboration with Chichen Itza.
The most visible building is the Adivino, also known as the Pyramid of the Magician. Constructed in the early Puuc style in it’s older phase, bare on the lower levels and ornate on the top, subsequently in later Puuc styles, using limestone and adding masks of the God Chaac and finally adding elements of Chenes design.